关系副词与关系代词的选择关系词的省略

2022-11-24 14:03:02

关系副词与关系代词的选择关系词的省略
关系副词与关系代词的选择
  当先行词是表示时间、地点或原因的名词时,定语从句用关系副词还是关系代词来引导,要根据关系词在定语从句中所担当的句子成分来决定。
  I will never forget the days when we spent our holidays together. 
  我永远忘不了我们一起度假的日子。(when作状语)
  I will never forget the days which we spent together. 
  我永远忘不了我们一起度过的日子。(which作we spent宾语)
  I know a place where we can have a picnic. 
  我知道一个我们可以野炊的地方。(where作状语)  
  I know a place which is famous for its beautiful natural scenery. 
  我知道一个以自然景色优美而闻名的地方。(which作主语)
不知不觉背单词
随时随地背单词
新概念英语青少版

关系词的省略
  在下列情况下,关系代词或关系副词在非正式文体中可以省略。
1.关系代词that, which, who, whom在定语从句中做宾语时,常可省略。
  Are these keys (that which) you were looking for?  这是你正在寻找的钥匙吗?
  The man (who that) I was sitting net to on the plane talked all the time. 
  飞机上坐在我旁边的那个人一直在喋喋不休。
2.以the way为先行词的限制性定语从句通常由in which或that引导,而且通常可以省略。
  I don't like the way (that in which) she walks. 我不喜欢她走路的样子。
The way (that in which) he answered the questions was surprising. 
他回答这些问题的方式令惊奇。
3.在the time when, the place where, the reason why结构中,when, where, why可省略。
  I shall never forget the day (when) we first met. 我永远不能忘记我们第一次见面的那一天。
  That's the place (where) he stayed when he was in the country.  那就是他在乡下呆过的地方。

1. I was so angry at all _____ he was doing _____ I walked out.
A. that…that B. which…that C. which…which D. /…which
2. Nothing but a few pictures _____ given to Tom, _____ he was fond of.
A. was…which B. were…which C. was…that D. were…that
3. TV’s influence should be measured not only in terms of immediate change in behavior, but also by the extent 
_____ it develops a certain view of life.
A. which B. by which C. in which D. to which
4. The conclusion _____ the police came to _____ he was innocent didn’t satisfy everybody.
A. that…which B. /…that C. which…which D. that…/
5. The moment he set his foot in the new country, to his great surprise, he was surrounded by friendly people 
_____ he could turn for help.
A. from whom    B. to whom    C. on whom      D. by whom
6. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those _____ wild in the forest.
A. once they grew B. they grew once C. that once grew D. once grew
7. It was not until Mum agreed to take her to KFC, _____ was her favorite, _____ the spoilt girl stopped crying.
A. that…that B. that…which C. which…that D. which…which  
8. You can use a large plastic bottle, _____ cut off, as a pot to grow flowers in.  Which is wrong? 
A. the top of which is B. whose top is  C. its top is    D. with its top   
9. The book about new approaches to English teaching _____ I’ve read some, was written by our English teacher.
A. which B. that C. of that D. of which
10. The British are not so familiar with different cultures and ways of doing things, ______is often the case in other countries.
A. that        B. so          C. what          D. as

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